Demand for finished products from customer will be recorded by Sales department in a sales order document. Sales order data can be analyzed by Inventory department. If there are not enough finished products in current stock, the sales order can trigger a production order that request the Production department to start producing the finished products.
In order to produce the finished products maybe it requires some raw materials that have to be bought from vendors. The production order can trigger a purchase requisition for the raw materials. The purchase requisition will be processed by Procurement department to be a purchase order that is sent to vendor. Vendor will deliver the raw materials and Inventory department will receive them. Accounting department will record the vendor's invoice and Finance department will process the payment.
Once the raw materials are available, the Production process begins. Then the finished products will be delivered to the customer, and Finance department will send invoice to the customer. All of the above processes need man powers that are managed by HR department and paid by Payroll Accounting department.
All of the above processes can be recorded by SAP R/3 in:
* Sales and Distribution (SD) module.
* Production Planning (PP)
* Material Management (MM) module.
* Finance & Controlling (FI/CO) module
* HR Module
Certain transactions in the above example also trigger accounting business process. FI/CO module posts accounting documents for some transactions that have an accounting effect in SD, PP, and MM module, such as finished products issue for sale to customer, raw materials receipt from vendor, etc.
These processes will affect the financial reports such as Balance Sheet and Profit & Lost Statement.
Taken from ERPweaver.com